Fabrics and clothes material can be spun and woven from raw asbestos. It is due to its nature, small and fibrous, makes them strong enough to endure high temperatures, destructive substances and fires. However, it does mean that it is not unbreakable. This material is actually can be torn or cut. Having quality of being fire resistance, asbestos is the perfect material to be used in protective clothes, for instance protective jackets used by firefighters and the aprons and mitts worn by factory workers.
In spite of the fact that the use of asbestos in fabrics can be traced back to the 2500 B.C., it wasn’t in the end of 1800s that the material was produced massively in the US. John Manville was one of the first company to produce asbestos materials. It began in the year of 1884. Because the demand for the product of asbestos increased and also because it was woven in the same way as cotton, several textile factories that were built to process cotton were altered to asbestos processing factory throughout the early 1900s.
Different grades of asbestos fibers combined in a fiber blender as per details of the planned product. Then the filaments are created into a silicon mat. The mat is pressed and layered to produced an arrangement of fiber mats which are known as a lap. The lap is then utilized to create thin ribbons known as roving. At this measure, other strands like rayon or cotton may be added. Furthermore, the roving is then spun to form a yarn. It is the yarn that can be created into thread. The thread can now be made into the many various goods like rope, clothing, wicking or even tape.
In the United States, the Carolinas, North and South, were especially involved in the business. Huge deposits of naturally occurring asbestos were found in the North and the South Carolina and factories were constructed in formerly cotton factories that were close to the mines. One of such kind of factory was the Southern Asbestos Manufacturing Company factory located in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1920, the company purchased a cotton processing factory and also altered it into an asbestos factory which manufactured fabric and yarn. In only two decades, the company’s profits dramatically multiplied.
The use of asbestos in manufacturing of fabric and clothes diminished since asbestos is toxic. At present, a wide selection of fire resistant materials is used in the production of fabrics and protective clothing. While people in this era are looking for safe asbestos removal Sydney for their houses and commercial buildings — a little harder than throwing out a jacket.
When the fabric with asbestos material and protective clothes are worn, the toxic filaments woven into the cloth are released to the atmosphere. Asbestos material is possible to be manufactured using nearly 100 percent of pure asbestos. If the material is used in producing clothes, the percentage can be various greatly. Clothes meant to be worn in strong temperatures will get a greater rate. Although these pieces of garment are not commonly friable, when destroyed they could change into friable. Asbestos material in its archaic form is regarded as friable, especially if used as thermal protection.
Workers at factories, glassworks and steel plants used to wear asbestos garment to protect them from high temperatures and also burns during working at maximum temperatures. Protective outfits used consist of aprons, gloves, coats and leggings. Laborers who worked the fireplace and remained along the way of molten material for a long period of time wore leggings and coats manufactured from asbestos throughout the process of casting.
An air analysis in these factories discovered that during the duration of the work day, asbestos clothing routinely produced fibers and caused workers to be vulnerable. If the attire was not in appropriate condition, there was also a higher probability that the filament amount would be more. In general use, the protective apparels become deteriorated or cut by bits of sharp metal in these factories and cause more fibers. Gloves and coats made from asbestos fibers were also used by firefighters to protect them from heat and fire. The attires become exposed to high abrasion and temperatures.
However, the job that is quite vulnerable from such products was the factory workers themselves. This to a certain degree was caused by the dusty conditions from the raw asbestos processing. This resulted in respiratory diseases to these employees. In fact, one of the first claim of health issue with asbestosis was registered by a worker of this material factory in the 1927.